Shampoos are used to scrub and clean hair. Throughout previous days, very rough soaps and other supplies have been used to clean hair. The tough type of soaps contained major proportion of caustic soda amongst their constituents. Little question these soaps had good cleansing energy resulting from caustic content material within the form of saponified supplies but they spoil the human skin by their drastic motion. This actually produced irritation and in some it ended within the production of some skin diseases like irritation, pores and skin itching and in addition in some circumstances gave rise to demodectic scabies.
With the introduction of shampoos all the above diseases and problems was removed as they changed the soaps at a really high speed. These shampoos can be found as solid, paste or liquid varieties.
The demand for shampoos particularly the liquid type has never been higher than it is at present. For several reasons these have superseded the abnormal shampoo powders owing to the abundance of smooth lather produced and it is possible that the usage of liquid shampoos doesn’t entail a lot bother. Liquid shampoos are nearly solutions of tender cleaning soap in water with just ample spirit to help by way of saponification. At one time extra spirit was used to prevent a slight gelatnation. The favored demand in bulk shampoos being for those with a excessive viscosity, this can be obtained by leaving the shampoo uncovered to air for a week, or a fortnight liquid selection but the demand for coconut preparation is probably not so nice as it was. The reasons are the difficulty in masking the odour of the oil and the fact that some coconut shampoos have the hair in a slightly greasy condition.
The variety of forms of shampoos are available like coconut, which are described below:-
Liquid clear shampoo
Liquid cream shampoos or cream lotion shampoos.
Cream paste shampoos.
Liquid dry shampoos.
The formulation, course of circumstances and so on. are completely different for various kind of shampoos but all varieties of shampoos could be manufactured in the similar plant with out change of set of machineries.
Liquid Shampoos :
Triethanolamine laural sulphate
Vegetable oil Shampoo
Formulation oil Shampoo
to make a hundred%
Refined coconut oil
Refined until oil
Caustic Potash lye 44obe
Iso propyl glycol
Manage colour for cosmetic
Egg Shampoo :
White of egg.
23.Eight% Coconut oil
26.45 oleic acid
26.Forty five% Trethanlance
.529 oil of almond
MANUFACTURING Process FOR COCONUT OIL SHAMPOO
The shampoo based mostly on coconut oil is prepared by two conventional methods viz.
Chilly Course of
On this course of, caustic potash and soda is dissolved in 1/10 of whole water requirement and the pure heat generated during the mix is enough.
Now, the coconut oil as per method is melted. The exact calculated amount of lye and oil should be combined together.
The melted coconut oil is poured in a thin stream in the lye with cntinuous stirring. Within the final, when saponification is completed, the answer of spirit and perfume and so on. is combined. This resolution is prepared separately. The stirring is continued till the liquid develop into a mild amber colour.
The whole mass is now allowed to stand overnight and the remaining water is added. The shampoo is prepared but before filteration and packing it’s saved apart for a fortnight.
Hot Course of
In this course of, heating is required and the coconut oil is melted in a steam jacketed pan at a temperature of about 120oF. The alkali is dissolved in 1/5th of complete water requirement separately and added in the new coconut oil. The addition of lye needs to be done slowly and the temperature be maintained between 120 to 130oF. The stirring is done for a short time for emulsification of complete mass after which the spirit is added and the temperature is progressively raised to 180oF. This temperature is maintained till the saponification is Ompleted. The soap is allowed to cool and stand in a single day.
Now the remaining water is heated to boiling and the soap as ready, above is added and the stirring is continued till totally dissolved. A bit quantity from three to 4 Oz. of potassium carbonate could also be added in this shampoo if a a lot clear solution is desired. The ready shampoo is now saved aside for 8-10 days and then filtered and packed in bottles.
In each the above processes, the cold process, though being a lot better and yield good quality. The funding on machineries is comparatively less than hot course of.
So as to extend the lathering properties is the coconut oil shampoo,
the mixture of following substances.
The oleic acid is mixed with alcohol, then borax and potassium carbonate is dissolved separately in glycerine and added this solution in previous one.
After storing the final product in a tank, the shampoo is fed into the bottling machine the place the shampoo is stuffed in bottles and packed.
PLANT ECONOMICS OF SHAMPOO
Rated Plant Capability
Land & Constructing (Whole area 250 sq.mt.) =
Caustic lye tank
Coconut oil storage tank
Oil heating tank
Plastic welding machine
Tube nicely and equipment
Plant & Machinery
Other Mounted Assets
Coconut oil refined
Packaging materials i.e. bottles, pouches and so forth.
Complete WORKING CAPITAL/MONTH
Salary & Wages
Utilities & Overheads
Whole CAPITAL Investment
Whole Fixed Capital
Complete Working Capital for 1 Month
Pay sale of 15,00,000 Bottles
Pay sale of 1,12,00,000 Pouches
Revenue Sales RATIO = Profit / Sales x 100 = 28.16 % Charge OF RETURN = Working profit / T.C.I x one hundred = 386.84 % BREAK EVEN Point (B.E.P) = 1.21 %
Equipment and Spare Components:
Equipment and spare components are easily out there at nearly all of the areas of
The country. You can even get them online with free delivery all over
India. Log on to www.easysparepart.com