Fracking Provide Chain A Local weather Catastrophe, Doing Little To Uplift Poor Communities: Research
Two current studies further call into query the oil and gas industry’s claims of the local weather benefits and neighborhood advantages of hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”).
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A type of studies, printed in Environmental Analysis Letters and titled, natural gas price low “Simply fracking: a distributive environmental justice evaluation of unconventional gas growth in Pennsylvania, USA,” concludes that “the earnings distribution of the population nearer to shale gas wells has not been transformed since shale gasoline growth.”
The other, a report launched by Environmental Integrity Venture titled, “Greenhouse Gases from a Rising Petrochemical Trade,” examines the submit-fracking supply chain and concludes that the petrochemical industry’s deliberate development and growth tasks announced in 2015 alone are the “pollution equivalent to the emissions from 19 coal-fired energy plants.”
Not Quite “Shaleionaires”
Two teachers from outside of the U.S. and employed by the United Kingdom’s Newcastle College revealed the fracking environmental justice report. Lead creator Emily Clough serves as a political science lecturer at Newcastle, whereas co-creator Derek Bell serves as a professor of environmental political concept.
Each of them undertook an effort, as they write in the research’s natural gas price low introduction, to examine “earnings distribution and level of schooling in addition to race and poverty” and how these juxtaposed communities fared each “before and after shale gasoline growth.” As it turns out, if you’re poor and live in close proximity to a Marcellus Shale basin oil or gas well, you will obtain some financial profit — however not a very massive one.
“In the 2009-2013 data, we discovered that the share of these dwelling beneath the poverty threshold was slightly lower in areas close to unconventional wells than in areas further away,” they wrote. “This difference is small however statistically significant.”
This of course all flies in the face of the puff piece story “60 Minutes” ran back in 2010 on these getting rich from fracking, calling them “Shaleionaires.” That section featured the late former Chesapeake Vitality CEO Aubrey McClendon, a man infamous for leaving landowners hanging dry and never fulfilling his end of the bargain on oil and gas production royalty offers.
Clough and Bell’s examine is nicely worth reading, if for no different cause than to plumb the references and find out about a number of the myriad tutorial studies that have come out over the past few years on the community impacts associated with fracking.
Fracking Climate Catastrophe
Environmental Integrity Undertaking’s (EIP) study, to say the least, dampens the enthusiasm on the natural fuel “bridge fuel” claim. That’s, that industrial supply chain reliance on natural fuel can someway serve as a “bridge” connecting our dirty fossil gasoline-reliant current to a cleaner and greener energy future.
Eric Schaeffer, EIP executive director and former director of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Civil Enforcement from 1997 to 2002, served as the report’s lead author.
Despite tanking oil costs, and in many cases shuttered fracking production, the drop in value has actually proven a boon to customers of shale oil and gas and not just customers paying a low worth on the pump. Low-cost on that finish of the deal, this will bear a big climate cost.