Enterprise Merchandise Partners Drive To extend The Petrochemical Value Chain
Enterprise Merchandise Partners L.P. (NYSE:EPD) has roughly $eight.Four billion of natural growth tasks at present under building, of which $2.9 billion is being positioned into manufacturing in 2017. EPD’s propane dehydrogenation (“PDH”) facility constitutes the majority of that $2.9 billion. It may have the capacity to provide as much as 1.Sixty five billion pounds per 12 months (approximately 750 thousand metric tons per 12 months or 25 MBPD) of polymer grade propylene (“PGP”). The PDH facility is predicted to commence business production in 3Q17, however is about 2 years behind schedule and suffered price overruns.
Also included in the $eight.Four billion plan is a new isobutane dehydrogenation (“iBDH”) unit with the capability to produce 425,000 tons per year of isobutylene. EPD expects to complete the iBDH project in 4Q19. Isobutylene produced by the new plant will present extra feedstock for EPD’s downstream octane enhancement and petrochemical services.
Both amenities are strategically situated near a serious pure-fuel-line hub and chemical-processing plants. Both are underwritten by lengthy-term, price based, minimum quantity commitments, and can be integrated with EPD’s storage services, pipeline methods and export terminals.
EPD’s technique to increase the petrochemical worth chain sets it apart from different MLPs and might be tested as soon as the PDH facility begins production in 3Q17. This article provides a extra in-depth evaluation of the technique and the logic behind it.
Natural fuel processing entails the separation of raw pure fuel into “pipeline high quality” fuel and natural gasoline liquids (“NGL”). There are two kinds of fuel processing plants. The first removes NGL from uncooked pure gasoline making a commingled NGL stream (known as raw combine or “y-grade”). The second, fractionators, separate the uncooked NGL combine into individual purity elements, primarily ethane, propane, butane, isobutane, liquefied petroleum gas (“LPG”) and natural gasoline.
Ethylene is manufactured in larger quantities than another chemical, as it’s a constructing block for polyethylene, the most popular plastic on the earth. Polyethylene comes in several totally different grades. Depending on its density and molecular branching, it is used petroleum equipment manufacturers association 2017 to create thin film plastics comparable to plastic luggage and film wrap, or to create sturdier plastics corresponding to detergent bottles, garbage containers, and water pipes.
Propylene is used to manufacture a wider variety of products. In addition to plastics, it is used in the manufacture of paints, detergents, lubricants, foam insulation, and fibers. When ethylene is produced, propylene is produced as a byproduct. Propylene will also be produced from propane utilizing a process referred to as propane dehydrogenation (PDH or propane dehydration). This chemical process instantly converts propane to propylene. Propane is also utilized by the petrochemical industry to provide ethylene and as a heating fuel within the residential and commercial markets.
Ethylene and propylene can be derived either from the oil refining cracking course of (using naphtha from crude oil as a feedstock), or from an NGL cracking process (using ethane, propane and butane as a feedstock). The engineering design for the cracking process differs in line with the kind of feedstock used. Because oil is a global commodity and is simple to ship long distances, many crackers around the globe are configured to handle naphtha as a feedstock. Since ethane is more difficult – and costly – to ship long distances, it may be considered more of a regional commodity. Petrochemical areas with entry to an ample supply of NGL tend to crack ethane. As a result of plentiful provides and low costs of natural gas, the U.S. chemical trade is making giant investments based on ethane as a feedstock for the manufacturing of ethylene and is thus rising manufacturing of ethylene utilizing ethane as a feedstock. That is one issue behind the document stage of NGL consumption reached in 2016 in the U.S.
EPD makes use of the following diagrams as an instance its petrochemical technique:
Source: EPD MLPA presentation 5/31/17.
“Driven by the US shale gas growth, cracking ethane to ethylene turned extra engaging than cracking liquid feedstocks within the last years. Due to this fact house owners of liquid crackers envisage to reduce liquid feedstocks or even to fully replace by ethane”.
Herein is the petroleum equipment manufacturers association 2017 opportunity being addressed by EPD’s technique: when ethylene is produced using ethane (somewhat than naphtha), the propylene output rates are negligible. So this reduces the amounts produced of propylene. Equally, elevated ethylene manufacturing comes at a price of decreased production of butylene and isobutylene. Butylene is used to supply lubricants, fuel additive, rubber and other merchandise. Isobutylene is used as feedstock to manufacture lubricants and alkylate for gasoline blendstock, as well as methyl tertiary butyl ether for export.
Decreased manufacturing is driving prices increased:
Normal Butane $/gallon
Polymer grade propylene $/gallon
1st Quarter 2016
2nd Quarter 2016
third Quarter 2016
4th Quarter 2016
1st Quarter 2017
Desk 1: Chosen Energy Commodity Worth Knowledge. Source: firm 10-Q, 10-Ok, 8-Okay filings
EPD is betting that the “PDH facility [and] the iBDH plant will help meet market demand where conventional supplies have been reduced” (EPD Kind 10-Q three/31/17).
Given the delays and price overruns, it remains to be seen whether the PDH facility is able to produce the returns usually achieved by EPD natural progress initiatives. An order of magnitude improve in EBITDA is about $125 million for each $1 billion positioned in production once a undertaking is absolutely operational. ice machine installation EPD’s technique to extend the petrochemical worth chain units it apart from different MLPs and, if profitable, could meaningfully impression EBITDA.
Disclosure: I am/we’re long EPD.