But This Cushion Is Fast Vanishing
Despite varied headwinds faced petroleum refinery process units by the Indian economic system, the federal government was in a position to put up a brave face for the previous three years as a result of smooth crude oil costs within the international market. At less than $50 (Rs 3,272) a barrel, this commodity offered a giant cushion to India’s finances.
But this cushion is quick vanishing. At current, the value of crude oil is around $64 (Rs 4,189) a barrel. By the end of November, consultants consider, it could touch $70 (Rs four,581) a barrel.
If the geopolitical tension in the Arab world rises, RS Sharma, former chairman of ONGC, says – “It can go up even higher”.
Why it is a matter of concern
When crude oil prices halved between 2014 and 2016, the petroleum refinery process units federal government increased excise responsibility on petroleum merchandise and generated a windfall revenue which went up from Rs 1.Three lakh crore to Rs 2.1 lakh crore. Not simply this, the dividends from downstream oil PSUs rose Rs zero.9 lakh crore.
All this further cash, at a time when non-public sector investment in the economy was going down, gave the government enough room to increase its expenditure to make up for the diminished expenditure of the personal sector.
The Gross Mounted Capital Formation, a proxy for private funding in the nation fell to 29.5% in 2016-17 as against 30.9% in 2015-sixteen. It further fell to the level of 27.5% in the primary quarter of 2017-18.
Whereas the federal government expenditure, represented by Authorities Last Consumption Expenditure, throughout 2016-17 went as much as eleven% as towards 9.8% in 2015-sixteen. As mentioned above, the government increased its consumption to help the Indian economy. And that was made possible attributable to increased income by way of larger excise responsibility on oil and reduction in subsidies.
What lies forward
According to RS Sharma – “India is in a sensitive place attributable to rising oil prices. Anything above $60 (Rs three,923) begins to harm us. And given the tension within the Arab world, I’m anticipating the price to even go beyond $70 (Rs 4,581) a barrel. This can put pressure on the federal government to offer some relief to the shoppers and it could actually derail the oil sector reforms”.
From dangerous to worse
The Indian financial system is already in the doldrums. The gross domestic produce (GDP) growth has declined for six quarters on the trot and was at a 3-year low of 5.7% in the first quarter of this FY18.
The retail inflation after staying low for some time has begun to rise and was at 3.58% in October. The non-performing belongings within the banking sector quantity to more than Rs 8 lakh crore.
According to an estimate by Nomura, a sustained $10 (Rs 655) per barrel hike in crude oil prices can affect shopper price inflation by as much as 0.6-zero.7% factors.
On the present account deficit, the affect of that hike might be to the tune of 0.Four% of GDP. The fiscal deficit in such a situation can go up by zero.1% of GDP.
India, which imports about eighty% of its oil needs, is the third largest importer of crude oil on the earth. The fuel demand in India is anticipated to grow by 6.1% in 2018, in response to a latest report by the U.S. Power Info Administration.
Even as the crude oil above $60 (Rs 3,923) looks dreary for an oil import-dependent nation like India, Pronab Sen, an economist and India’s former chief statistician believes, that won’t be a lot of a problem, given the federal government finds avenues to make up for the loss in excise obligation.
“Indian economic system is used to crude oil at $80 (Rs 5,236) a barrel. Before 2014 that used to be the norm. However this rise in crude oil provides to the uncertainty on the revenue assortment which is already an enormous fear because of delay in tax filings in underneath the products and services tax. If the federal government manages to will increase its income from other sources, we can deal with above $70 (Rs four,581) crude oil,” added Sen.
The Modi authorities has faced many challenges over the past three years. But its biggest, it appears, is yet to come back and is simply across the corner.